Members of the San Luigi Orders: Bishop-Count Victor de Kubinyi (Mar Paul) of the Apostolic Episcopal Church

Bishop-Count Victor de Kubinyi (1873-1966) was, as Mar Paul, a bishop of the Apostolic Episcopal Church from 1932 onwards, having served in other churches previously with a special ministry to Hungarian immigrants to the United States. He was a member of the Order of the Crown of Thorns and received the distinction of Doctor Christianissimus.

He was a Hungarian nobleman and the godson of the Emperor Franz Josef of Austria. On 18 March 1897 he was ordained priest in the Roman Catholic Church by Bishop Osaszka. In 1905, he moved to the United States. Having left the Roman Catholic Church in 1911, he founded the Hungarian National Church, South Bend, Indiana, in the following year, and was consecrated for that body by Arnold Harris Mathew of the Old Catholic Church of Great Britain on 13 June 1913. On 7 December 1913 he and his church were admitted to the Protestant Episcopal Church by Bishop John Hazen White of Northern Indiana. He became associated with Prince-Abbot Joseph III and, having resigned his ministry in the PEC, was consecrated by him on 9 October 1918, serving as bishop in the American Catholic Church, of which he was appointed an Ordinary on 16 October 1924. In November 1924 he was additionally admitted to the Cathedral Chapter of the African Orthodox Church.

In 1925 he left the American Catholic Church for the North American Old Roman Catholic Church under Carmel Henry Carfora, and because Carfora did not accept Holy Orders from the Vilatte lineage, was consecrated conditionally by him on 13 May 1925. He built up a community known as The Traditional Christian Catholic Church (L’Eglise Chrétienne Catholique Traditionelle). In 1932 he and his community joined the Apostolic Episcopal Church, and he was conditionally consecrated on 27 November 1932 by Mar Antoine Lefberne (1862-1953), bishop and exarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church. In 1935, he returned to Hungary where the remainder of his ministry took place.

His books include The King of Rome, New York 1907; Napoleon I, New York 1911; True Religion, South Bend 1913; Behind the Curtain, South Bend 1913; Through Fog – To Light, South Bend 1914; Hungarian Service Book, South Bend 1915; Franz Josef I, South Bend 1917; Mr Man, New York 1920; As We Are, New York 1929. He was also known as a painter and lecturer on modern art and is depicted in that role in the photograph to the right.

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