Genealogy of the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios

Michael I Rhangabe proclaims Leo V emperor
The proclamation of Byzantine Emperor Leo V Patrikios the Armenian by Michael I Rhangabe, 813AD. Emperor Leo V is an ancestor of the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios.

The genealogy of the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios establishes the descent of the Royal House from the Byzantine Emperors, the Princes of Polotsk and the Rurik dynasty of Kievan Rus, the earliest rulers of Poland and additionally from all of the ruling families of Europe. For example, the late Prince Kermit William of Miensk was a sixteenth cousin once removed of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, through their common ancestor John Lennard (c.1508-90), High Sheriff of Kent.

While genealogy is of undoubted historical significance, the Principality of Miensk and related honours do not rest primarily upon claims of genealogical descent, but upon the specific creation of the Patriarch of all Byelorussia in favour of the late Prince Kermit William of Miensk. Following the model set by the Roman and Byzantine Emperors, each Prince of Miensk may choose an heir from among his descendants or adopt another person as heir. This latter eventuality is what happened in the case of the present Prince of Miensk, who was adopted as heir by his predecessor while not being directly related to him by blood.

The Royal House Polanie-Patrikios is so named because of two distant ancestors: Byzantine Emperor Leo V Patrikios (see Table IA) and Leszek, Duke of the Polans (Polanie) (see Table III). Both are commemorated in specific House Awards of the Royal House: the Byzantine Order of Leo the Armenian, and the Order of Merit of Leszek. Among the specific dignities attached to the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios are that of Prince of Gniezno, which descends to all heirs-general of Leszek, first ruler of the Polanes, and that of Patrician of the Eastern Roman Empire, by descent from the Emperor Leo V Patrikios.

The Royal House Polanie-Patrikios is among the heirs-general of many of the Royal Families of Europe, and its members are in remainder to several of those thrones. The genealogies below are selective; there are numerous additional lines of descent not included here for reasons of brevity.

Table I: Descent of the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios from the Byzantine Emperors and the Kings of England

A. Descent from Byzantine Emperor Leo V Patrikios “the Armenian” via King Edward I of England

  1. Leo V Patrikios “the Armenian” (775-820), Byzantine Emperor m. Theodosia
  2. A daughter (d.820) m. Hmayeak Maiactes Mamikonian, Prince of the Mamikonids
  3. Konstantinos (785-c.828/40) m. Pancalo of Armenia Bagratina
  4. Basil I “the Macedonian” (811-66), Byzantine Emperor m. Eudokia Ingerina
  5. Leo VI “the Wise” (866-912), Byzantine Emperor m. Zoe Zaoutzaina
  6. Anna of Constantinople (886-906/11) m. Louis III “the Blind”, Holy Roman Emperor
  7. Charles Constantine of Vienne (901-62) m. Thiberge de Troyes
  8. Constance of Viennois m. Boso II, King of Arles
  9. William I “the Liberator” (c.950-post 993), Count of Provence m. Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou
  10. Constance of Arles (c.986-1032) m. Robert II “the Pious”, King of France
  11. Adele, Princess of France (1009-79) m. Baldwin V, Count of Flanders
  12. Matilda of Flanders (c.1031-83) m. William I “the Conqueror”, King of England
  13. Henry I, King of England (c.1068-1135) m. Matilda (Edith), Princess of Scotland
  14. Matilda, Holy Roman Empress and Lady of the English (c.1102-67) m. Geoffrey V Plantagenet, Count of Anjou
  15. Henry II, King of England (1133-89) m. Eleanor of Aquitaine
  16. John, King of England (1166-1216) m. Isabella of Angouleme
  17. Henry III, King of England (1207-72) m. Eleanor of Provence
  18. Edward I, King of England (1239-1307) m. Margaret, Princess of France (c.1279-1318)
  19. Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk and Earl Marshal (1300-38) m. Alice de Hales
  20. Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk and Earl Marshal (c.1320/4-99) m. John Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave
  21. Elizabeth, Baroness Segrave (1338-) m. John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray
  22. Joan Mowbray (d. 1410) m. Sir Thomas Grey of Heaton (1359-1400)
  23. Matilda Grey (1382-1451) m. Sir Robert Ogle (1380-1436), Baron of Ogle and Hepple, Warden of Roxborough Castle and Sheriff of Northumberland
  24. Constance Ogle (fl. 1460) m. Sir John Mitford (1402-37)
  25. Margaret Mitford (1425-75) m. John Weston of Ockham (d. 1483)
  26. Thomas Weston (d. 1491) m. Cecillia de Irmingland
  27. Catherine Weston (1484-1508) m. John Lennard of Knoll, Kent (1479-1555)
  28. John Lennard (c.1508-90), High Sheriff of Kent m. Elizabeth Harmon (c.1508-85)
  29. Dorothie Margery Lennard (c.1527-1611) m. John Calvert of Kiplin, Yorkshire (1525-66)
  30. Leonard Calvert (1550-c.1611) m. Alicia Crosland (1552-87)
  31. John Calvert (1587-1617) m. Grace Myers (1589-1672)
  32. Thomas Calvert (1617-85) m. Jane Glasford (1626-85)
  33. John Calvert (1648-99) m. Judith Stamper (1648/52-1704)
  34. Mary Calvert (1687-1737) m. John Chenoweth (1682-1746)
  35. John Chenoweth (c.1706-71) m. Mary Smith (1712-73)
  36. William Chenoweth (1732-71) m. Ruth, daughter of Isaac Calvert (nephew of (34) Mary Calvert)
  37. John Chenoweth (1755-1831), soldier in the American Revolution (Sons of the American Revolution no. 83694) m. Mary Pugh (1762-1849)
  38. Gabriel Chenoweth (1794-1868) m. Elizabeth Currence
  39. Nancy Chenoweth (1816-1849) m. Solomon C. Caplinger
  40. Mary Etta Caplinger (1849-95) m. Stephen D. Lewis
  41. Frankie C. Lewis (1887-1965) m. Darius Daniel Boyles
  42. Della Mae Boyles (1919-2009) m. Durward Willis Poling
  43. Kermit William Poling, Prince of Miensk and Head of the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios (1941-2015) m. Patricia Ann Groves
  44. Edmond John Kersey, Prince of Miensk and Head of the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios (1972-) (see note 4)

B. Descent from the Byzantine Komnenos and Angelos Emperors

  1. Alexios I Komnenos, Byzantine Emperor (1048/56-1118) m.
  2. Theodora Komnene Angelina (1096-) m. Constantine Angelos, panhypersebastos
  3. Isaac II Angelos, Byzantine Emperor (1156-1204) m. Irene
  4. Irene Angelina, Princess of Byzantium (c.1181-1208) m. Philip of Swabia, King of Germany
  5. Maria of Swabia (1201-35) m. Henry II, Duke of Brabant
  6. Henry III, Duke of Brabant (c.1230-61) m. Adelaide of Burgundy
  7. Marie of Brabant (1254-1322) m. Philip III “the Bold”, King of France
  8. Margaret, Princess of France (c.1279-1318) m. Edward I, King of England (1239-1307) (see Table IA, no. 18)

Table II: Descent of the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios from Prince Vladimir the Great of Kiev, Prince of Polotsk, and the House of Rurik

  1. Rurik (c.830-79), Prince of Novgorod
  2. Igor (reigned 912-45), ruler of Kievan Rus m. St Olga
  3. Sviatoslav I Igorevich (c.942-972), Prince of Kiev m. Malusha
  4. St Vladimir Sviatoslavich the Great (c.958-1015), Prince of Kiev and Prince of Polotsk m. Anna Porphyrogenita, daughter of Byzantine Emperor Romanos II.
  5. Yaroslav I Vladimirovich the Wise (c.978-1054), Grand Prince of Rus, Prince of Kiev and Veliky Novgorod m. Ingegerd Olofsdottor, Princess of Sweden
  6. Anne, Princess of Kiev (c.1030-75) m. Henry I, King of France
  7. Philip I “the Amorous”, King of France (1052-1108) m. Bertha of Holland
  8. Louis VI “the Fat”, King of France (1081-1137) m. Adelaide of Maurienne
  9. Louis VII “the Young”, King of France (1120-80) m. Adela of Champagne
  10. Philip II “Augustus”, King of France (1165-1223) m. Isabella of Hainault
  11. Louis VIII “the Lion”, King of France (1187-1226) m. Blanche of Castile
  12. St Louis IX, King of France (1214-70) m. Margaret of Provence
  13. Philip III “the Bold”, King of France (1245-85) m. Marie of Brabant (1254-1322)
  14. Margaret, Princess of France (c.1279-1318) m. Edward I, King of England (1239-1307) (see Table IA, no. 18)

Table III: Descent of the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios from the Rulers of the Polanes

  1. Piast the Wheelwright (740/1-861) m. Rzepicha
  2. Siemowit
  3. Leszek (c.870-80-), Duke of the Polans
  4. Siemomysl (d.c.950-60), Duke of the Polans
  5. Mieszko I (c.940-92), Ruler of the Polans and Prince of Gniezno m. Doubravka of Bohemia
  6. Boleslaw I “the Brave” (967-1025), King of Poland m. Emnilda
  7. Mieszko II Lambert (c.990-1034), King of Poland m. Richeza of Lotharingia
  8. Casimir I “the Restorer” (1016-58), Duke of Poland m. Maria Dobroniega, daughter of St Vladimir, Prince of Kiev and Prince of Polotsk (see Table II no. 4)
  9. Wladyslaw I Herman (c.1044-1102), Duke of Poland m. Judith of Bohemia
  10. Boleslaw III “Wrymouth” (1086-1138), Prince of Poland m. Zbyslava, daughter of Sviatopolk II, Grand Prince of Kiev and Prince of Polotsk
  11. Wladyslaw II “the Exile” (1105-59), High Duke of Poland and Duke of Silesia m. Agnes of Babenberg
  12. Richeza of Poland (c.1140-85) m. Alfonzo VII, Emperor of All Spain
  13. Sancha of Castile (1154/5-1208) m. Alfonso II, King of Aragon
  14. Alfonso II, Count of Provence (1174-1209) m. Garsenda, Countess of Forcalquier
  15. Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence (1198-1245) m. Beatrice of Savoy
  16. Eleanor of Provence (c.1223-91) m. Henry III, King of England (1207-72)
  17. Edward I, King of England (1239-1307) (see Table IA, no. 18)

Table IV: Descent of the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios from the Carolingians and Merovingians

  1. Merovech (d.453/7)
  2. Childeric I (c.440-481/2), King of the Salian Franks m. Basina of Thuringia
  3. Clovis I (c.466-c.511), King of the Franks m. St Clotilde
  4. Chlothar I “the Old” (c.497-561), King of the Franks m. Aregund
  5. Chilperic I (c.539-84), King of Neustria m. Fredegund
  6. Chlothar II “the Great” (584-629), King of the Franks m. Bertrude
  7. Dagobert I (c.603-39), King of the Franks m. Nanthild
  8. Clovis II (637-657/8), King of Neustria and Burgundy m. St Balthild of Ascania
  9. Theuderic III (654-91), King of the Franks m. St Amalaberga
  10. Bertrada of Pruem (c.670-post 721)
  11. Charibert (d ante 762), Count of Laon
  12. Bertrada of Laon ([710-27]-83) m. Pepin the Younger, King of the Franks
  13. Charlemagne (742/7/8-814), Holy Roman Emperor m. Hildegard of the Vinzgau
  14. Pepin (Carloman) (773-810), King of Italy = mistress
  15. Bernard (797-818), King of the Lombards m. Cunigunda of Laon
  16. Pepin (817-post 854), Count of Vermandois
  17. Herbert I (c.848/50-907), Count of Vermandois m. Bertha de Morvis
  18. Herbert II (d. 943), Count of Vermandois, Meaux and Soissons m. Adele, daughter of Robert I, King of France
  19. Robert of Vermandois (c.907-c.967/8), Count of Meaux m. Adelaide, daughter of Giselbert, Duke of Burgundy
  20. Adele of Meaux (c.934-c.982) m. Geoffrey I, Count of Anjou
  21. Fulk III (970-1040), Count of Anjou m. Hildegarde de Sundgau
  22. Ermengarde of Anjou (c.1018-76) m. Geoffrey II, Count of Gatinais
  23. Fulk IV (1043-1109), Count of Anjou m. Bertrade de Montfort
  24. Fulk V (c.1089/92-1143), Count of Anjou and King of Jerusalem m. Ermengarde, Countess of Maine
  25. Geoffrey V Plantagenet (1113-51), Count of Anjou m. the Empress Matilda
  26. Henry II, King of England (1133-89) m. Eleanor of Aquitaine
  27. John, King of England (1166-1216) m. Isabella of Angouleme
  28. Henry III, King of England (1207-72) m. Eleanor of Provence
  29. Edward I, King of England (1239-1307) (see Table IA, no. 18)

Table V: Descent of the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios from King John of England via the native Princes of Wales

  1. John, King of England (1166-1216) = Agatha de Ferrers, daughter of William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby (c.1168-1216) (see note 1)
  2. Joan, Lady of Wales and Lady of Snowdon (c.1191-1237) m. Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Wales and Gwynedd
  3. Dafydd Ap Llywelyn Fawr, Prince of Wales and Gwynedd, (c.1212-1246) = unknown mistress
  4. Llywelyn “Rhuddla” ap Dafydd (c.1224-), constable of Rhuddlau (see note 2)
  5. Cynwrig ap Llywelyn (c.1240-), constable of Rhuddlau, m. Angharad verch Thomas, daughter of Thomas ap Gwion
  6. Dafydd “Llwyd” (“the Grey”) ap Cynwrig, (c.1258-) m. Annes verch Gwyn, daughter of Gwyn ap Madoc
  7. Mawd verch Dafydd “Llwyd”, (c.1275-) m. Dafydd “Goch” (“the Red”) ap Trahaearn, Lord of Enli (c. 1270-post 1324) (see note 3)
  8. Ieuan “Goch” ap Dafydd “Goch” of Gaianoc and Penllech (c.1295-post 1352) m. Eva verch Einion ap Cynvelyn (c.1297-), daughter of Einion ap Celynin, Baron of Llwydiarth
  9. Madoc “Goch” ap Ieuan (c.1340-) m. Alice verch Ieuan
  10. Deikws “Ddu” (“the Black”) ap Madoc (c.1375-98?) m. Gwen Verch verch Ieuan
  11. Einion ap Deicws (c.1415-1514) m. Morfudd Verch verch Mathew
  12. Hywel ap Einion (1456-1543) m. Mallt verch Llewellyn
  13. Gruffydd ap Howel (c.1488-) m. Gwenllian verch Einion
  14. Lewis ap Gruffydd (1525-1600) m. Ellen or Ethli verch Edward ap Ievan
  15. Robert ap Lewis (c.1550-1637) m. Gweryl verch Llewelyn ap David
  16. Evan ap Robert Lewis (c. 1584-1668) m. Jane verch Cadwaladr
  17. Evan “Lloyd” ap Evan (c. 1630-90) m. Catherine verch Wynn
  18. Sarah verch Evan (1668-1756) m. Robert ap Hugh (c.1670-1717)
  19. Evan Pugh (1699-post 1757) m. Mary (Jones?)
  20. Robert Pugh (1730-1808) m. Mary Sarah Edwards (1736-1824)
  21. Mary Pugh (1762-1849) m. John Chenoweth (1755-1831), soldier in the American Revolution (Sons of the American Revolution no. 83694) (see Table IA, no. 37)


m. – married
= – union outside marriage


In addition to those sources referenced via hyperlinks within the text above and noted below, and reference to standard texts, the descent from antiquity – which inevitably includes some elements of speculation and uncertainty – has taken particular account of F.A. Doria (with contributions by Chris Bennett, Christian Settimani and N. Taylor): A 4000–Year Old Descent from Antiquity: From the 12th Egyptian Dynasty to the Capetians and Beyond, published online at and of Christian Settimani Les ancetres de Charlemagne, 2nd ed., Prosopographica et Genealogica vol. 16, Unit for Prosopographical Research, Linacre College, Oxford, 2014, as well as N. Adontz: L’age et l’origine de l’empereur Basile I (867-886) [Byzantion 8:2 (1933) 475 and 9:1 (1934) 223]. We have also consulted and taken note of the general observations made in Sir Anthony Wagner’s Pedigree and Progress: Essays in the Genealogical Interpretation of History (London, Phillimore, 1975) and of Charles Cawley’s A listing of Constantine III with descendants and their spouses, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.


(1) Charles H. Browning Magna Charta Barons and their Descendants (1915), Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, (reprint) 1969, p. 123. Joan, Lady of Wales, was legitimated by decree of Pope Honorius III in April 1226, but was specifically not included in remainder to the English throne.
(2) See (i) Peter Clement Bartrum Welsh Genealogies AD 300-1400 (1973), vol. 7 p. 447 and fn. 2. (ii) Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. III, 2011, p. 426; and (iii) Gary Boyd Roberts The Royal Descents of 500 Immigrants to the American Colonies or the United States, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1993, p. 305; and (iv) John Edwards Griffith, Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families with their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire and other parts, W. K. Morton & Sons, Horncastle, 1914, pp. 169, 230; and (v) The Genealogist, London, Spring 1980, vol. 1 no. 1, p. 82. Both (vi) Lewys Dwnn, Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613, Llandovery, William Rees, 1846, vol. 2 pp.175, 278, 280, and (vii) the Peniarth Manuscripts (128D and 134B) also mention Llywelyn, illegitimate son of Dafydd ap Llywelyn, and his son Cynwrig (or Cynveloc).
(3) For this and succeeding generations, see Thomas Allen Glenn, Welsh Founders of Pennsylvania, 1911, gen. table, frontispiece to vol. I, and p. 143, and detailed treatment vol. II pp.76 foll.
(4) Adopted as heir to the Royal House Polanie-Patrikios and the Principality of Miensk etc., 2015.